Commentary on the Hadith Concerning Etiquettes of Entering the Toilet

Praise be to Allah,

 

Narrated Anas (May Allah be please with him):

“Whenever the Prophet (PBUH) went to answer the call of nature, he used to say, “[Bismillah] Allaah-umma innee a‟oodhu bika minal Khubuthi wal khaaba‟ith.” ([In the Name of Allaah] O Allaah, I seek refuge with You from devils – males and females (or all offensive and wicked things, evil deeds, etc.)[i]

 

Summary of the Hadith

 

The places prepared for relieving oneself are filthy places so they are a retreat for the shayateen because they are evil so they are accustomed to that which is filthy.

 

“And bad people ae for bad statements…” [translation Soorah An- Noor:26]

 

It is known that the jinn can see people, but people cannot see the jinn. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Verily, he [Shaytaan] and Qabeeluhu (his soldiers from the jinn or his tribe) see you from where you cannot see them”

[al-A’raaf 7:27]

 

So it is befitting that the person seeks refuge in Allah when he enters the ‘Khala’ and that he ask Him for protection from the male and female shayateen or from evil, all of it, and its people.

 

Important Points Derived from the Hadeeth:

 

  1. It is commendable to supplicate with these words when one intends to go to the toilet, to be safe from the devils that try to spoil one prayer [through spoiling one’s state of purification].

 

  1. One of the harms of the devils is that they cause impurities to befall the people, so as to invalidate the person’s Salaat. Hence, one must seek refuge from them to be protected from their harm.

 

  1. The obligation of avoiding all impurities, and taking the necessary measures to protect oneself from such impurities. It has been authentically reported that one of the causes of punishment in the grave is the neglect of protecting oneself from urine when using the toilet.

 

It was narrated that ibn Abbaas (May Allah be please with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (PBUH) passed by two graves, and he (PBUH) said, “They are being punished, but they are not being punished for anything grave (i.e., it was not difficult to avoid). One of them used to walk around spreading malicious gossip, and the other did not protect himself from his urine.” He (PBUH) called for a palm branch, split it in two, and then planted one piece on one grave and the other on the other grave. Then he (PBUH) said, “Perhaps it (the punishment) will be reduced for them so long as this does not dry out.” [ii]

 

 

  1. All the creation is in need of Allah to repel that which offends and harms them.

 

  1. Importance of saying Bismillaah as it conceals a person from the eyes of the jinn.

 

It was narrated that Ali said: The Messenger of Allaah (PBUH) said, “The screen between the Jinn and the nakedness of the sons of Aadam is that when a person enters the Kanif (A man-made structure for relieving oneself) he should say „Bismillah‟ (In the Name of Allaah).”[iii]

 

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

 

The benefit of saying Bismillaah is that it conceals a person. The benefit of seeking refuge with Allaah is that one is turning to Allaah from evil and from the male and female devils, for this place is filthy (khabeeth) and a filthy place is the abode of those who are evil (khubatha’).  So it is the abode of the devils. Thus it is appropriate if one wants to enter the toilet to say “A’oodhu Billaah min al-khubthi wa’l-khabaa’ith (I seek refuge with Allaah from evil and from the male and female devils)” so that he will not be harmed by evil or by the evil souls.[iv]

 

Allah knows best.

 

Copied from Sources:

Arousing the Intellects with the Explanation of Umdatul Ahkaam. The Book Of At-Taharaah by Allama Sheikh Salih Ibn Uthaymeen (May Allah have mercy on him). page 42

Tayseer al-Allaam Sharh Umdatul-Ahkaam by Shaykh Abdullah ibn Abdur – Rahmaan Aal Bassaam. Page 32

https://islamqa.com/en/answers/26816/how-can-a-person-conceal-himself-from-the-jinn-when-in-the-toilet

 

[i] Saheeh Bukhaari, Volume 1, Book 4, Hadeeth Number 142, p. 139; Saheeh Muslim, Volume 1, Book 3,

Hadeeth Number 831, p. 481

[ii] [Saheeh Muslim, Volume 1, Book 1, Hadeeth Number 677, p. 414]– Ed.

[iii] Sunan ibn Maajah, Volume 1, Book 1, Hadeeth Number 297, Haafiz Aboo Taahir Zubayr „Alee Za‟i classed its Isnaad as Da‟eef; However, it has supporting narrations and is classed as Saheeh by Sheikh al-Albaanee in Saheeh Sunan at- Tirmithee, Number 496, as quoted in http://www.islamqa.com/en/ref/26816/] –Ed.

[iv] Al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 1/83.

 

 

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